Soledad Sarmiento Reyes was born on March 5, 1946. She obtained her BA from Maryknoll College in 1966 and an MA from Ateneo de Manila University in 1971. She received her Ph.D. in Philippine Studies from the University of the Philippines in 1976, and an MA in Sociology of Literature from Essex University in 1981. Reyes has served as instructor, professor and consultant in various local and international universities, as well as Chair of the Board of Judges in prestigious awards such as the Palanca and CCP awards.

An award-winning essayist and critic, Reyes has published over a hundred articles on popular culture and literature in numerous journals. Her books include Nobelang Tagalog, 1905-1975: Tradisyon at Modernismo (1982), The Romance Mode in Philippine Popular Literature and Other Essays (1991), Kritisismo: Mga Teorya at Antolohiya Para sa Epektibong Pagtuturo ng Panitikan (1992) and Pagbasa ng Panitikan at Kulturang Popular: Piling Sanaysay, 1976-1999 (1997). She also edited important anthologies such as Katha (1992), Ang Silid na Mahiwaga: Kalipunan ng Kuwento’t Tula ng mga Babaeng Manunulat (1994), and ALIW! Essays on Popular Culture (2000).

She teaches at the Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City.