Founded in 2014, the Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Prizes in Art Criticism was established by the Ateneo Art Gallery, in partnership with Kalaw-Ledesma Foundation Inc. and in association with The Philippine Star. In 2016, Ateneo Art Gallery announced ArtAsiaPacific Magazine as a new publication partner for the prizes. 
Writers or contributors based in the Philippines may join the competition. With no more than 1000 words, all entries for the award should reflect the style of an art criticism article. The final list of exhibitions open for review is posted on the Ateneo Art Gallery page.

The two (2) winners for this category will be determined from a shortlist of six (6). The winner of the Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Prize – The Philippine Star will be awarded a regular column to be published twice a month or 24 articles for a year, under the column, ‘Platforms’ in the Arts & Culture section of the paper. The winner of the Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Prize – ArtAsiaPacific Magazine will be contributing to the bi-monthly publication, with a total of six articles for a year. Moreover, the two winners of the Ateneo Art Awards – Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Prizes in Art Criticism will be contributing to Perro Berde, an annual publication for cultural dialogue by Instituto Cervantes and the Embassy of Spain in the Philippines.
All shortlisted writers will also have the chance to submit their works to the new online site, Vital Points: Essays from the Ateneo Art Awards – Purita Kalaw-Ledesma Prizes in Art Criticism, a new platform created in partnership with the Kalaw-Ledesma Foundation Inc., as another venue for art criticism.